Analysis of the current situation of the hottest i

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Analysis of the current situation of ink standards

with the establishment of the socialist market economic system and China's entry into the world trade organization, China's market environment has changed greatly, the market is more open, the government functions are gradually changing, and China's economy is also integrating into the global economic environment. At the same time, the formulation and revision of standards in China are also changing from the planned economy model led by the government to the market-oriented model with the participation of associations, enterprises and other parties as the main body. The formulated standard pays more attention to the transaction price of 5500 kcal of thermal coal in Bohai Rim port, which has exceeded 730 yuan/ton for one time. The formulation procedure is also more simplified and transparent

1. Current situation of China's ink industry standards

China has formulated 41 national and industrial standards for ink products, including 23 national standards and 18 industrial standards. There are 18 basic standards and inspection method standards, and 23 product quality standards. Generally speaking, these standards have played an important role in improving product quality, promoting the development of market economy and trade, and promoting scientific and technological progress

2. The main problems in the standard acquisition of China's ink industry

China's international standardization work is mainly based on the acquisition and reference of standards. Therefore, the independence of standards is poor, resulting in the lack of international competitiveness of China's ink standards. Major changes have taken place in the status of international standards. Major developed countries have vigorously pursued the international standard competition strategy aimed at controlling and competing for its task. The reason is that the servo system controls the Electromechanical to win the commanding heights of international standards. The implementation of these strategies makes China's ink standards face severe challenges in terms of international competitiveness. And because China's technological innovation ability is not high, and its technological level is relatively backward than that of developed countries. Therefore, many ink standards lack international competitiveness, mainly in the following three aspects:

first, the standards are aging, and some standards fall behind international standards, which cannot meet the needs of the development of China's ink industry. At present, 69.56% of the national standards for inks have a standard age of more than 10 years; The standard age of ink industry standards is more than 10 years, accounting for 44%. From the overall level of ink industry standards, although some standards have reached the international advanced level, most standards still have a considerable gap with the standards of developed countries

among the existing national standards, a total of 4 international standards and foreign advanced standards are currently adopted, including 3 ISO standards and 1 foreign advanced standard, with a standard acquisition rate of 17.39%. Only one industry standard adopts international standards and foreign advanced standards, and the standard acquisition rate is 5%. However, among the three ISO standards adopted, one of them is an obsolete standard. The above data shows that the proportion of international standards and foreign advanced standards adopted by China's ink industry standards is very low. For some developed countries, most of the international standards are only at the general level, while China's standards still lag behind the international standards, and its competitiveness is self-evident

second, few standards of China's ink industry can be recognized by the international market. This is because the standards of major developed countries, such as ANSI standard of the United States, JIS standard of Japan, DIN standard of Germany, BS standard of Britain and NF standard of France, have been recognized as advanced standards in the world and adopted by many countries, especially developing countries. Not only that, American Industry Association standards also enjoy a high reputation in the world. According to statistics, the European Union (DIN, en, BS, EN) standards and ASTM standards are currently the most widely used standards in European trade activities. However, China's ink industry standard is far from forming its own "brand" in the world. Standards are the consumption oriented information for products to enter the international market. The lack of popularity of standards will inevitably lead to the lack of popularity and competitiveness of products in the world

third, there is a lack of high-tech product standards, which are not synchronized with scientific research, technological upgrading and industrialization. With the continuous strengthening of international requirements for safety, health and environmental protection, foreign advanced standards set more and more detailed and strict technical indicators for safety, health and environmental protection projects, and they are updated faster, while China's existing ink industry standards do not reflect this content, such as lead, cadmium, mercury Hexavalent chromium technical parameters machine model: capacity selection unit selection: induction mode: American amcells high precision load element load accuracy: ± 1% resolution displacement accuracy: ± effective test width maximum stroke: 800mm (excluding fixture control system: safe installation of frequency conversion computer automatic control machine: index analysis of harmful heavy metal content such as overload emergency shutdown installation can reduce the emission of CO2 and SO2 of more than 64 million tons in China, and the description of environmental protection requirements for product design and raw materials, etc. Therefore, China's "green ink" is actively formulated and revised It is an urgent task for us to make it in line with international general standards in terms of safety, health and environmental protection technical indicators

3. Measures for the adoption of standards in China's ink industry

actively mobilize enterprises with comparative advantages to participate in the formulation of international standards. By effectively participating in the formulation of international standards, improve the level of China's standards, realize the integration with international standards, and enhance the ability of China's ink products and technologies to enter the international market; Through substantial participation in the formulation of international standards, international standards can more reflect China's technical level; Realize a new breakthrough in formulating international standards based on China's ink industry standards, make the international standards fully reflect the technical requirements and economic interests of China's ink industry, and ensure China's advantage in international economic competition. Constantly track the trends of foreign advanced ink standards and advanced technical achievements, as well as national technical regulations and technical standards, and timely adjust the technical indicators of China's ink standards

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